June 1, 2023

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — The James Webb Area Telescope simply teamed up with one other NASA area probe to gather a wide ranging set of pictures of the universe round us. Collating knowledge captured by NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and JWST, astronomers are giving us a recent have a look at two galaxies, a nebula, and a star cluster — in spectacular style.

4 composite pictures launched on Might 23 mix Chandra’s X-rays — a type of high-energy gentle — with infrared knowledge from beforehand launched JWST pictures, each of that are invisible to the bare eye. The NASA staff additionally used knowledge from their Hubble Area Telescope (optical gentle) and retired Spitzer Area Telescope (infrared), plus the European Area Company’s XMM-Newton (X-ray) and the European Southern Observatory’s New Know-how Telescope (optical gentle).

“These cosmic wonders and particulars are made accessible by mapping the info to colours that people can understand,” NASA scientists clarify in a media launch.

Right here’s what the area telescopes noticed:

M16 (Eagle Nebula)

This well-known area of the sky is usually referred to as the “Pillars of Creation.” The JWST picture exhibits darkish columns of gasoline and dirt shrouding the few remaining rising stars which might be nonetheless forming.

A composite picture of the Eagle Nebula (M16) with NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and the Hubble Area Telescope penetrates the darkish columns of gasoline and dirt to disclose how a lot star formation is occurring there. The Chandra knowledge (pink, inexperienced, and blue signify low, medium, and high-energy X-rays respectively) present only a few X-ray sources within the so-called “Pillars of Creation” themselves. This means that star formation peaked on this area a number of million years in the past. (Credit score: NASA)

Star cluster NGC 346

This can be a star cluster in a close-by galaxy, the Small Magellanic Cloud, about 200,000 light-years from Earth. JWST helped to disclose plumes and arcs of gasoline and dirt that stars and planets use as supply materials throughout their formation. The purple cloud on the left, noticed by Chandra, is all that continues to be of a supernova explosion.

Image of star cluster NGC 346
Picture of star cluster NGC 346 (Credit score: NASA)

Galaxy NGC 1672

This can be a spiral galaxy, however one which astronomers categorize as a “barred” spiral. “In areas near their facilities, the arms of barred spiral galaxies are principally in a straight band of stars throughout the middle that encloses the core, versus different spirals which have arms that twist all the way in which to their core,” the NASA staff says. Chandra knowledge additionally discovered compact objects like neutron stars or black holes that are pulling in materials from companion stars.

Image of galaxy NGC 1672
Picture of galaxy NGC 1672 (Credit score: NASA)

Galaxy M74 (Phantom Galaxy)

Messier 74 can also be a spiral galaxy — like our Milky Means. It’s about 32 million light-years away from our planet. Astromoners name M74 the “Phantom Galaxy” as a result of it’s comparatively dim, making it tougher to identify with smaller telescopes.

James Webb Space Telescope images shows the heart of M74, otherwise known as the Phantom Galaxy.
This picture from the NASA/ESA/CSA James Webb Area Telescope exhibits the center of M74, in any other case often known as the Phantom Galaxy. (Credit score: NASA)

South West Information Service author Dean Murray contributed to this report.

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